Wednesday 23 December 2015

    Unfortunately the process has stopped in CM 13

    I have a good old nexus 4 still trying to keep up with the big boys in the market. After google ditched the plans of releasing the latest android 6.0 - Marshmallow for nexus 4, things didn't look so great. But with the release of CM 13 (mako), even nexus 4 has android 6.0! Previously, I was running CM 12.1 and I dirty flashed CM 13 on top of it. Although it doesn't have all the features that CM 12 had, with time, the awesome guys in XDA and cyanogen will port all the features to CM 13.

    After dirty flashing CM 13 on top of CM 12.1, I faced some problems. First of all, things were kinda slow. So I went to Developer options in Settings and set all the Animation scaling to .5x. This considerable made things faster. Secondly and more importantly, my sim card was not getting detected and I was getting a ton loads of popups saying "Unfortunately the process has stopped".

    I looked at the logcat to see what is going wrong and I found that this was appearing a lot of times.

    Clearly, the problem was with Upon looking closely, the problem was related to CursorWindow and Cursor. Hence, the problem was not with CM 13 but with the old database left behind by CM 12.1. 


    Just delete the folders /data/data/ and /data/data/ using some tool like Root Explorer or you can do this in adb shell.

    rm -rf /data/data/
    rm -rf /data/data/

    Then, restart the phone.

    Tuesday 27 October 2015

    USB debugging toggle widget

    Like I told you few days back in this post, I made a widget for android to toggle USB Debugging - ADB (Android Debug Bridge). Today, I will tell you more about it.

    There are many alternatives to this. However they either require you to make the app a system app or they simply open the settings page. As this was not exactly what I wanted, I made one myself that allows me to enable/ disable USB debugging on click. You can get the app from here.

    Download ADB Toggle

    Fork me on Github

    You DON'T have to make this a system app!.

    Sunday 25 October 2015

    Using WRITE_SECURE_SETTINGS permission on non system apps

    I happen to frequently use an app that doesn't work if USB Debugging - ADB (Android Debug Bridge) is enabled. It is very cumbersome to go to settings and enable or disable the setting every time I need to use the app.
    I checked if there are any widgets that could do this in a click and returned empty handed. So, I did what every developer would do - build it myself!

    In order to change the adb settings, I had to use WRITE_SECURE_SETTINGS permission. But there was one major problem! This permission is not available for non system apps!!

    The easiest solution to this was to move the apk to /system partition. Except that I didn't want to do this as I frequently keep flashing /system partition.

    Another solution was to use pm and grant permission to the app like this:

    adb pm grant <package name> android.permission.WRITE_SECURE_SETTINGS

    This was great! However I didn't want users who were gonna use the app to go through all this pain. I had to figure out a way to do the same programmatically. So I did the next best thing! To run the command after opening a root shell in the code.

    Here is how I did it.
    This requires root. But that's ok.

    Tuesday 8 September 2015

    The Infamous battery re-calibration bug in Lenovo Thinkpad

    My brand new Lenovo Thinkpad is a beast and is supposed to give up to 8hrs of battery backup. But there was a weird problem. As soon as the battery remaining reached 30%, it used to drop to 6% in a second. When I looked up on google, I found out that I was not the only one facing this problem. Most of them suggested that my battery was shot and that I had to buy a new one. This is highly improbable as it is brand new. I wanted to give fixing it a try before contacting customer care. And I was successful!

    Before - See the battery percentage drop from 30% to 6%

    For some reason, I suspected that it was somehow TLP's fault. TLP is the best power management utility for Thinkpad in Linux. It allows you to set max charging threshold so that you will be able to connect your laptop to the plug point without worrying about over charging (among many other features it provides). I felt that it is because of this, battery calibration was getting screwed up. So I set the maximum threshold to 100%.

    Open /etc/default/tlp and set following variables.


    Then I restarted my laptop to bring this to effect. As the calibration was already offset by a great extent, the only way to fix it was to keep it charged for a long time. I kept it charging for almost a day.

    After - Fixed!
     Then to test it I kept discharging it. And to my surprise, it didn't drop from 30% to 6% this time!!
    So the problem was with calibration and not because the battery is broken. If you face this problem, you can try this solution once before you spend $$$ on buying a new battery.

    Now that I have changed the battery threshold back to 85%, if this problem occurs again, all I have to do is follow the above steps.

    Sunday 6 September 2015

    Download only part of a repository in github

    Sometimes you would want to download only a part of a repository in Github but you don't want to download / clone the entire repository, specially when the repo is huge or has too many other things that you are not interested in. There are many ways to do this. For example you can do a shallow clone, or you can use Github API (there is a limit on number of requests per hour)..etc. However, none of them are simple and straightforward. 

    I recently found out that Github supports svn to some extent. So I tried the age old svn export to download a part of the project I was interested in. And it worked.

    svn export<username>/<project name>/trunk/<folder path>

    For example:

    If you want to download only docs from Bootstrap repository,

    svn export

    Now, suppose you want to download it with a different name,

    svn export bootstrap-docs

    Monday 3 August 2015

    Material Theme for Google Blogger

    Inspired by Google's Material Design principles, this generates Material themes for Google Blogger using sass preprocessor.

    Fork me on Github

    Here are some of the themes generated with material-blogger

    Get themes

    Honor Theme

    Aqua Theme

    Pink Ribbon Theme

    Sample Widgets


    Search Results
    Popular Widget
    Widget (Aqua Theme)

    To see how to use it, see this

    Tuesday 21 July 2015

    Error 500: The template is updated in other place. Please reload the original page and retry it again

    When I edited my layout in Blogger and tried to preview it, I used to get the following error:
    The template is updated in other place. Please reload the original page and retry it again
    Then when i tried to save the layout, I used to get this error
    The server was unable to save the form at this time. Please try again
    After searching a lot on google, I found out that adding mobile only widgets causes this problem.
    So, I followed the following steps to fix the issue.

    Go to Template -> Edit HTML

    Then search for mobile="only". You might find something like this:

    <b:widget id='HTML4' locked='false' mobile='only' title='Mobile ad' type='HTML'>

    Change this to:

    <b:widget id='HTML4' locked='false' mobile='yes' title='Mobile ad' type='HTML'>

    This will solve the problem. I think google should do something regarding this problem as it is not that straightforward to fix this.

    Wednesday 15 July 2015

    ERR_TUNNEL_CONNECTION_FAILED on mobile network on android

    For the past few days, whenever I tried to access any site with HTTPS, I used to get this error.

    "This webpage is not available

    This used to occur only on mobile network (airtel) and not on WiFi. At first it seemed to be a problem with chrome. But the same problem was there in other browsers. After breaking my head for a while I read somewhere that android doesn't support SSL over any port other than 443 (too weird to be true). But this couldn't be the issue because , etc use 443. 

    Upon investigating further, I realized that it is a very silly issue. It is because the default Access Point (Airtel Live) that came with my carrier (airtel) had a proxy that was not allowing SSL Tunneling.

    After setting Proxy and Port to nothing, the problem was solved!

    Monday 6 July 2015

    Celebrating the return of Dragon Ball: Kamehameha boot animation

    I am sure many of you are excited about the return of DragonBall after 18 years as DragonBall Super! Although I saw the original series much after it ended, I am a great fan of it and the fact that it gave birth to a new generation of anime is just amazing. Hats off to you Akira Toriyama!

    To celebrate the return of DragonBall, I made a video of me performing the classic Kamehameha attack and made it my phone's boot animation. Here is the Vine of the video I made:


    Grab the Adobe After Effects project of this video from here.

    Here is how it looks while phone is booting:

    Boot animation in android comes from the file called which is at /system/media. This file essentially consists of sets of sequences of images which have to be shown one after the other. Here we need to generate with just one sequence of images (extracted from the video) which runs in a loop. As there is no tool which can do this, I wrote a simple shell script.

    Here we have to generate two things.

    1. Folder with sequence of images.
    2. Description of, which tells what to do with the images.

    After running this script, is generated. Now move it to /system/media and set the permissions to 0644 (rw-r--r--)

    Now reboot the phone and you are done!


    Sunday 21 June 2015

    Play computer games through android wear using Magneto

    I recently wrote an article called "Magneto = Gyroscope + Accelerometer + Geomagnetometer" where in I explained how to use Gyroscope, Accelerometer and Geomagnetometer to map your movements to mouse movements. In this article I will show you how to use Magneto 2.0 to play computer games using your android wear or phone.

    Here is a video of me playing few computer games using my android wear

    How to use it?


    Unfortunately, I haven't made a simple way to do this YET. And this is available only for Linux and Mac. If you wan't to give a try you will have to follow all these steps. I am assuming that you have ADT setup.

    Download Magneto apk

    For android wear:
    1. Enable developer options on your android wear and turn on USB debugging. See this to see how to enable bluetooth debugging for your watch.
    2. After you are successfully able to connect to your watch from your computer, install the apk.
      adb install [location to the apk]
    3. You are done. Now go ahead and open it on your wear

    For android phone:
    1. Enable developer options on your android device and turn on USB debugging or ADB over wifi.
    2. Install the apk like any other.
    3. You are done. Now go ahead and open it on your device.
    Linux users have to install xdotool:

    Ubuntu/ Debian users
    sudo apt-get install xdotool
    Fedora users
    sudo yum install xdotool
    Arch users
    sudo packman -S install xdotool

    Start Magneto on computer

    Download this shell script and run it.

    For android wear and linux
    ./nav -lw
    For android wear and OS X
    ./nav -ow
    For android phone and linux
    ./nav -lp
    For android phone and OS X
    ./nav -op


    Calibrate what is left, right, top and bottom.
    1. Hold your device in front of the computer screen. This will be your initial position.
    2. Rotate your hand to left position and click on L. So, this will mark the region beyond it as Left. Then rotate your hand to the right and click on R. This will mark the region beyond it as Right. Similarly, do the same for Top (T) and Bottom(B)

    3. If you feel that you have to redo it, press RESET button and click on the letter. When the letter becomes L (capital L), redo Step 2.


    See the video where I am playing Temple Run Online, Tetris and Pacman using my android wear!


    Fork me on github

    There is a lot of scope for improvement. For instance, I haven't written the navigation script for windows. Pull requests are welcome.

    You might have noticed the COMMAND button. It takes voice commands from the user and sends it to the computer. I will talk about that in another article.

    Sunday 14 June 2015

    Crontab UI: easy and safe way to manage your crontab files

    Editing the plain text crontab is error prone for managing jobs, e.g., adding jobs, deleting jobs, or pausing jobs. A small mistake can easily bring down all the jobs and might cost you a lot of time. With Crontab UI, it is very easy to manage crontab.

    Here are the key features of Crontab UI:

    1. Easy Setup
    2. Safe adding, deleting or pausing jobs. Easy to maintain hundreds of jobs.
    3. Backup your crontabs.
    4. Export crontab and deploy on other machines without much hassle.
    5. Error log support

    Fork me on Github


    You have to setup crontab-ui on all the machines on which you want to manage crontab. Note that while running Crontab UI, you have to be on the same user as that of the crontab.

    npm install crontab-ui

    Adding, deleting, pausing and resuming jobs.

    Once setup Crontab UI provides you with a web interface using which you can manage all the jobs without much hassle.

    Backup and restore crontab

    Keep backups of your crontab in case you mess up.

    Export and import crontab on multiple instances of Crontab UI.

    If you want to run the same jobs on multiple machines simply export from one instance and import the same on the other. No SSH, No copy paste!

    But make sure to take a backup before importing.

    See when the job is going to run next.

    Separate error log support for every job

    These are some of the things I am planning to add in the future

    1. Run jobs as different user in one place.
    2. Profiling jobs.
    3. Importing from existing crontab file.


    Fork Crontab UI and contribute to it. Pull requests are encouraged.

    Tuesday 2 June 2015

    Some of the cool vim tricks and tips

    I use vim everyday. So much that even to write notes I use vim!
    Here are some of the awesome tricks I have come across:

    1.  Suppose you have opened a file for which you don't have permission. While saving it will say "E212: Can't open file for writing". Now instead of saving this temporarily in another file and then saving in this file, you can do this:

    :w !sudo tee %

    2.  You can edit binary files like in hexedit 


    3. Easy diff between two files. Say there are two files 'a' and 'b'. To find the diff of 'a' with respect to 'b'

    :vert diffs b

    4. See command history


    5. Execute command while still in vim.

    :! <command>

    Here I am compiling and running cpp file without closing it.

    6. Autocomplete whatever you are typing in insert mode based on the words you have typed before:


    7. Directory Listing without NERDTree

    :vsp %:h

    8. Indenting code

    =<next position>
    For example, 
    To indent the current line, press ==
    To indent the code till next closing flower brace, press =}

    Here is an example of indenting the entire code block. Place the cursor on { and then press =%



    9. Make searching as you type instead of after completing typing the entire thing

    :set incsearch

    10. Download and open source code for a given url


    I usually use this to quickly view responses of my web pages.

    vim http://localhost/path

    I will add more in the future.

    What are the dark corners of Vim your mom never told you about?

    Monday 16 March 2015

    A geek way to wish Happy Birthday!

    There is nothing more awesome than doing regular things in a geeky way. Few days back I was wondering what would be the geekiest way to wish someone happy birthday. It should be geeky alright, but should also have regular things like cake + candles + birthday song + wishing happy birthday.

    Now mixing all this with my very little knowledge in signal processing, I wrote a python code which does this:

    Fork me on github

    How it works?

    So, here we have a virtual cake who's shade has an equalizer effect corresponding to the "happy birthday" song that is played in the background. Here, the cake has candles with flames fluttering randomly. Also, we have a fancy display of happy birthday message.

    Lets see how each of it is done one by one.

    Equalizer effect

    The key here is to consider a sample size of frames in the audio corresponding to the part which is playing currently and display the normalized amplitudes inside the cake. First let's take a look at the amplitudes in the sound wave (stereo):

    Channel L:

    Channel R:

    As we can see even though the audio has two channels, both are nearly the same. Hence for further calculations we will discard one of the channels. If this was not the case, we should have taken the average of both the channels. If the audio file you have taken is already mono, you don't have to worry about anything.

    As there is no negative amplitude in the equalizer effect, we will make all values positive:

    Now that we have the required data, we can iterate over the frames and display the amplitudes in the cake to give equalizer effect. In the current example, I am considering 1500 frames per iteration. No matter how many frames you consider in a given iteration, the total time taken to complete the iteration should be same as the time required to play the song. Hence we add a sleep after every iteration. The net sleep time+processing time should be equal to song's play time.

    We can't display all the 1500 frames at a given time. Hence we take samples in that 1500 frames and averages of each sample is found. The averages are then normalized between the maximum and minimum amplitudes that can occur in the entire song. These normalized averages are then represented as a sequence of 8s (longer the sequence implies higher the amplitude). 

    Walah! you have the equalizer effect.

    There is a serious problem here. The time required for processing, printing on terminal and waking up from sleep are not determinable. For instance printing on xterm happens very fast whereas the mac terminal or gnome-terminal can be very slow. Hence we need to add a manual correction to the sleep time in order to stay in phase with the song which is being played.

    Fluttering candle flames

    If you observe the video, the candle flames can have three states:

    <space> <dot> <space>
    <space> <space> <dot>
    <dot> <space> <space>

    So basically we just have to randomly switch between these three states to get the fluttering candle flame effect.

    Happy birthday text

    I have used figlet to print the message. You can also display with different fonts and sizes.

    Python Code



    Sunday 22 February 2015

    Magneto = Gyroscope + Accelerometer + Geomagnetometer

    I recently participated in a 24hr hackathon where I built a system called Magneto using which people with physical disabilities will be able to control a computer with arm movements and voice commands. This sort of gives the power of Magneto (from Xmen), hence the name!

    Magneto runs on both android phone and wear. Here is a quick view of its working:

    If you are interested to view the source. Github: Magneto

    The intention of this article is not to showcase Magneto, but to explain the physics behind how I was able to map the sensors on android device to mouse movement. While making it, I had used a lot of builtin functions and some help from FusedGyroscopeSensor. Later, I did a lot of research (mainly on linear algebra and rotation physics) to get a clear understanding of the logic. In this article I will clearly explain the learnings.


     I have used 3 sensors available on android device
    1. Accelerometer -  measures the acceleration applied to the device, including the force of gravity.
    2. Geo magnetic sensor - lets you monitor changes in the earth's magnetic field.
    3. Gyroscope - measures the rate or rotation in rad/s around a device's x, y, and z axis.

    Getting the initial rotation matrix

    The initial rotation matrix describes the initial orientation of the device. It is found using accelerometer (for gravity) and geomagnetic sensor. Any vector when multiplied with this rotation matrix should transform it to world coordinate system. This is an identity matrix if the device is aligned with world's coordinate system, that is, when the device's X axis points toward East, the Y axis points to the North Pole and the device is facing the sky.
    Device's coordinate system
    Step 1 Rotate geomagnetic vector (E) over gravity(g) using Rodrigues' rotation formula

    Now normalize the vector

    Step 2 Now normalize gravity vector

    Step 3 Rotate A over H using Rodrigues' rotation formula

    Step 4 The rotation matrix R is represented in terms of H, M and A

    Get current orientations using gyroscope

    Now that we have the initial rotation matrix we can proceed processing the rotations of the device. The gyroscope measures the rate or rotation (not normalized) around a device's x, y, and z axis i.e angular velocity. Also, we keep track of time taken for the device to rotate from its previous position to current position.

    Given that gyroscope works very fast, we can divide one action into several smaller samples in a sequence. Now let us consider one such smaller sample.
    Say the rates(angular velocity) and time taken are:

     "In three-dimensional space, any displacement of a rigid body such that a point on the rigid body remains fixed, is equivalent to a single rotation about some axis that runs through the fixed point."

    It means that any rotation can be expressed as a single rotation about some axis. The axis is the unit vector which remains unchanged by the rotation. Let us determine this angle.

    Angular speed is calculated. It is just the magnitude of angular velocity.

    Angular velocity is normalized. The resultant vector gives us the unit vector in the direction of angular velocity. This is called Euler axis.

    Now that we have magnitude  of angular velocity we can calculate Euler angle.

    Rotation Vector is a 4 dimensional vector called quaternion represented in terms of Euler axis and angle[2] as follows:

    The delta rotation vector is converted to delta rotation matrix. Now, In order to get the resultant rotation matrix, the current rotation matrix is multiplied with the delta rotation matrix.

    Now actual angles i.e angles made by the device with respect to device's coordinates (NOT world coordinates) are determined. See Conversion formulae between formalisms.

    Mapping angles with mouse's coordinates

    Now that we have the required angles, we can determine the desired mouse coordinates. If D is the approximate distance of the device from monitor, D tan θ will give its component on the monitor. Using this concept we can find out the desired X and Y coordinates  of the mouse.

    Repeat this process (except finding initial rotation matrix of course) every time the device moves to determine mouse coordinates.

    NOTE: All formulae were made using Latex and are shared here for your use :)

    [4] Android SDK -